Newark_Liberty_International Newark_Liberty_International

Newark Liberty International - Definition

Newark Liberty International Airport
Quick Info
Type of Airport commercial
Run by Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Opened October 1, 1928
City Newark & Elizabeth,
New Jersey, United States
Latitude Longitude
40° 41’ 36” north 74° 10’ 7” west
IATA EWR ICAO KEWR
Runways
Direction Length Surface
Feet Meters
4L-22R 11,000 3,353 Asphalt
4R-22L 9,980 3,042 Asphalt
11-29 6,800 2,072 Asphalt
Statistics
2003
Number of Passengers 29,428,899
Number of Takeoffs/Landings 405,734
Air Cargo transported 890,712 tons
Air Mail transported 73,611 tons
Comments on this test infobox


Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA Airport Code EWR; ICAO Airport Code KEWR) is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States. It is west of four New York City boroughs, and is north of Staten Island.

Along with JFK and LaGuardia, it is one of the main airports serving the New York City area. Continental Airlines is Newark's largest tenant, operating an entire terminal at Newark. United Airlines and FedEx operate cargo hubs.

Contents

History

Newark Airport was the first major airport in the New York area: it opened on October 1, 1928, occupying an area of reclaimed marshland. Newark was the busiest airport in the world until LaGuardia Airport opened in 1939, dividing New York's air traffic and allowing Midway International Airport to take the lead. Newark was soon closed to passenger traffic and taken over by the United States Army for logistics operations during World War II.

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey took over the airport in 1948 and made major investments in airport infrastructure, opening new runways and hangars and revamping the airport's terminal layout. Airline traffic resumed that year, although the airport was fairly underutilized for many years.

In the 1970s the airport was renamed Newark International Airport, and it expanded dramatically in the 1980s. People Express began operations at Newark in 1981 and quickly rose to become one of the world's largest airlines, bringing more traffic to the airport. Virgin Atlantic Airways began flights from Newark to London in 1984, challenging JFK's status as New York's international gateway. Although People Express was bought out by Continental in 1987, the Newark hub was kept in operation.

On September 11, 2001, United Airlines Flight 93, which was on its way from Newark to San Francisco's San Francisco International Airport, crashed in Pennsylvania, due to a passenger uprising against terrorist hijackers. Based on the direction that the plane was flying at the time and information gathered afterwards, most observers believe that the hijackers intended to crash the plane into a target in Washington, DC, such as the Capitol or White House. In memory of this event, the airport was renamed Newark Liberty International Airport.

In 2003, Newark became the terminus of the world's longest scheduled airline route, Continental's service to Hong Kong. In 2004, Singapore Airlines broke Continental's record by starting direct 18-hour flights to Singapore from Newark.

Terminals

FAA diagram of Newark Airport
Enlarge
FAA diagram of Newark Airport

Newark Liberty International Airport has three passenger terminals. Terminal A and Terminal B were completed in 1973 and have a three-story layout, with departures on the top floor, arrivals on the middle floor, and flight operations on the ground floor. Terminal C, completed in 1988, has two departures levels with a food and shopping mezzanine between the departures and arrivals halls.

Each terminal is subdivided into three numbered concourses: Terminal A, for instance, is divided into concourses A1, A2, and A3. Gate numbering is continuous through all the terminals.

Terminal A

Terminal A has 27 gates, numbered 10 through 39. It is the only terminal at Newark not fitted with immigration facilities: flights arriving from other countries (except Canada) cannot use Terminal A, although many departing international flights use the terminal.

Terminal B

Terminal B has 23 gates, numbered 40 through 68.

Terminal C

  • Continental Airlines (Acapulco, Aguadilla, Amsterdam, Anchorage, Antigua, Aruba, Austin, Barbados, Belize City, Birmingham (UK), Bogota, Boston, Brussels, Buffalo, Cancun, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Cozumel, Denver, Detroit, Dublin, Edinburgh, Ft. Lauderdale, Ft. Myers, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow, Guayaquil, Hamilton (Bermuda), Hayden, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston Hobby, Houston Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kingston, Lima, Lisbon, London Gatwick, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manchester (NH), Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Miami, Milan, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Montego Bay, Montrose/Telluride, Nassau, New Orleans, Orange County (Santa Ana), Orlando, Panama City (Panama), Paris Charles de Gaulle, Phoenix, Port of Spain, Portland (OR), Providence, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Quito, Raleigh-Durham, Rome, St. Maarten, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Jose del Cabo, San Jose (CR), San Juan, Santiago (DR), Santo Domingo, Sao Paulo, Sarasota, Seattle, Shannon, St. Thomas, Tampa, Tel Aviv, Tokyo Narita, Toronto, Tucson, Vail, Washington Reagan, West Palm Beach, Zurich)
  • Continental Express (Albany, Asheville, Baltimore/Washington, Birmingham, Boston, Buffalo, Burlington, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Cincinnati, Columbia, Columbus, Dayton, Daytona Beach, Detroit, Fayeteville (AR), Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville, Halifax, Hartford, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Knoxville, Lexington, Little Rock, Louisville, Madison, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Montreal, Myrtle Beach, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ottawa, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Quebec, Raleigh-Durham, Sarasota, Savannah, St. Louis, Syracuse, Toronto, Tulsa, Washington Dulles)

Ground Transportation

Airtrain

Newark is one of the first multimodal airports in the United States. A monorail system, AirTrain Newark, provides free connections between the terminals and a paid connection between the terminals and Amtrak and NJ Transit trains at the Newark Liberty International Airport Train Station. (One ticket is used for AirTrain and NJ Transit, while a separate ticket is needed for Amtrak.) Passengers can use this connection to travel directly from EWR to any station along the Northeast Corridor, including regional transit hubs such as New York City's Pennsylvania Station.

Continental Airlines uses this rail connection to book passengers through Newark to 30th Street Station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Wilmington Rail Station in Wilmington, Delaware, Penn Station in New York, New York, Stamford Rail Station in Stamford, Connecticut, and Union Station in New Haven, Connecticut.

Other Connections

Numerous bus services run between Newark Liberty and nearby population centers, including New Jersey Transit, Airporter, and Olympia Trails. Express buses to Manhattan transit hubs (Grand Central Terminal, Port Authority Bus Terminal, etc.) cost $12. There is also bus service to JFK Airport, which costs $23.

Taxis also operate from the airport at flat rates based on destination. From the City of New York, fares are set by New York City's Taxi and Limousine Commission. From New York City, the taxi fare shall be the metered rate plus a surcharge of $15.00 plus the cost of round trip tolls. This is approximately $40 to $75 depending on the exact origin.

From Newark Airport to Manhattan, the taxi fare is a set fee plus round trip tolls. From Newark Airport to

  • Battery Park to West 34th Street: $40.00
  • West 35th Street to West 58th Street: $45.00
  • West 59th Street to West 109th Street: $50.00
  • West 110th Street to West 185th Street: $55.00
  • North of 185th Street: $60.00
  • New York / LaGuardia Airport: $65.00
  • New York / Kennedy Airport: $75.00

There is an additional charge of $5.00 for all destinations on the east side of Manhattan between Battery Park and 185th Street.

Continental Airlines also books passengers via bus to Lehigh Valley International Airport in Allentown, Pennsylvania, a 90-minute trip.

External Links

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